The Secretary-General’s reform process initiated in 1997 stressed the need to achieve a greater unity of purpose and coherence in country-level operations of the UN system, highlighting the need to strengthen the Resident Coordinator System and promoting a more united UN presence at the country level.
The Resident Coordinator system (RC system) encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with operational activities for development, regardless of their formal presence in the country. The RC system aims to bring together the different UN agencies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities at the country level. Resident Coordinators, who are funded and managed by UNDP (and normally the Resident Representatives of the UNDP Country Office) lead UN country teams in more than 130 countries and are the designated representatives of the Secretary-General for development operations. Working closely with national governments, Resident Coordinators and country teams advocate the interests and mandates of the UN drawing on the support and guidance of the entire UN family. Specific Duties and Responsibilities of the Resident Coordinator
1) Advocacy for the United Nations System
Speak to and support the advancement of United Nations system objectives and mandates
Follow-up to United Nations global conferences
2) Operational Coordination
Support to national coordination, including the country strategy note
United Nations Development Assistance Framework (including the common country assessment and the common database)
Establish Field-level committee
Foster the Establishment of Inter-agency thematic groups
3) Management Coordination
United Nations House and common services
Team-Building and Inter-Agency Training
Representation of Organizations of the UN system without field representation
4) Humanitarian and Emergency Assistance 5) Annual Reporting, Appraisal and Hiatus Arrangements
Annual Reporting, including the annual work plan
Resident Coordinator and country team performance appraisal
Resident Coordination in Zambia In Zambia, the Resident Representative of UNDP also acts as the Resident Co-ordinator, facilitating and coordinating the United Nations operational activities in Zambia. The Resident Coordinator Unit housed within UNDP supports the Resident Coordinator in the duties and responsibilities listed above. There are 11 UN agencies and programmes represented in Zambia.
Current Resident Coordinator in Zambia Kanni Wignaraja
UNICEF is on the ground in 155 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.
The Economic Commission for Africa was established in Lusaka in 1966 as a sub regional office in Southern Africa. The vision of the SRDC for Southern Africa is to become a premier resource centre for economic and social development in Southern Africa. The development goal is to attain sustainable social and economic development in the member countries as called for in the Abuja Treaty (1991) establishing the African Economic Community (AEC).
UNHR has been operating in Zambia since 1967. As at 30 June 2010, UNHCR has been supporting the Government to provide protection and assistance to a total of 55,697 refugees of which (33,778 living in four camps); (5,084 urban refugees) and (16,835 self settled). The refugees are mainly from Angola, DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda and others.
UNHCR in its quest to find durable solutions has repatriated 108,616 refugees to their respective country of origin from 2003 up to May 2010. It has been facilitating to resettle about 2000 refugees in third countries. Many refugees living in Zambia are already socially and economically integrated in Zambia, and UNHCR promotes livelihood programmes to improve self-reliance opportunities.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is an international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.
Zambia joined the Fund on September 1965. The fund approved Zambia’s current three-year Extended Credit Facility (ECF) in June 2008. The funds engagement with the Government covers three main areas namely: Fiscal Policy (creating fiscal space for infrastructure public spending within a budget envelope consistent with lowering inflation further and maintaining debt sustainability); Energy Sector Reforms (pricing of fuel and electricity); and Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies (anchoring inflation expectations and reducing interest rate spreads). Zambia maintains a free-floating exchange rate regime.
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the common sense. We are made up of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries?the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes.
WHO has been involved in Zambia’s health development since 1965. WHO Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS 2008-2013) covers programmes include HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Tuberculosis, elimination and eradication of Polio. Other priority programmes are Non communicable diseases control, Safe motherhood, Reproductive health, Child Health, Essential Drugs, Health systems strengthening, Nutrition and Health Promotion.
WFP has been present in Zambia since 1967. WFP’s mission in Zambia is to support government, community and partner efforts to address hunger in order to save lives, protect livelihoods and promote self-reliance.
WFP is an ex-com agency and its programme activities in Zambia operate within the framework of a country programme and two protracted relief and recovery operations (PRRO 105940 and PRRO 200070). In 2010, WFP Zambia planned to assist 1.3 million people in Zambia in an effort to preserve livelihoods, safeguard the nutritional status of children and those affected by HIV/AIDS, assist refugees, respond to drought and floods and assist those affected by the general economic crisis and sustained high food prices. In addition to the country office in Lusaka, WFP has sub-offices in Livingstone, Mongu, and Kawambwa.
IoM has been in Zambia since 1992. Due to its geographic location Zambia experiences various migration flows from, to, and within its territory. The flow of migrants from neighbouring countries is common due to socioeconomic and political instability in the region. Internal labour migration to the formal and informal sectors is common, particularly to the Copperbelt and mining region, and seasonally around large agricultural estates in rural areas
FAO has been in Zambia since 1971. FAO programme in Zambia covers two main components i.e. Field and Emergency Programmes Under field programme FAO is involved in normal development based on government priorities and programmes as reflected in national development plans and aligned to the National Medium Term Priority Framework (NMTPF) and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF).
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) – Empowered Lives. Resilient Nations. - is the United Nation’s global development network, advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life.
Since the merging of the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance and the Special Fund by decision of the General Assembly to create the United Nations Development Programme in 1965, the UNDP has been partnering with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of live for everyone.
UNDP has been present in Zambia since November 1965 and in recent years the UNDP has continued to support the Government of the Republic of Zambia in addressing national challenges in the areas of Democratic & Economic Governance, Environment, Gender, and HIV / AIDS. The programmes being implemented throughout the country together with the Government, the UN Family, Cooperating Partners (CPs), Civil Society Organisations and Communities at the grass root level work towards fulfilling the UNDP’s mission – to build national capacity to help Zambia achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 and assist Zambia to become a middle-income country by 2030.
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) in Zambia was established to support both a strengthened, coordinated and national led response to the epidemic and the achievement of country set targets for universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support. UNAIDS chairs the UN Joint Team on HIV and AIDS and leads the development of the Joint Programme of Support. Both the previous and current UNDAF (2011-2015) have outcomes on HIV and AIDS. The UNAIDS Country Office works very closely with the National AIDS Council to support the national and sub-national response to HIV and is co-chair of the Cooperating Partners on HIV forum.
HIV in Zambia
After spreading rapidly throughout Zambia, HIV has become a generalized and mature epidemic. Following a height of 16.9% in 1998, prevalence among adults has gradually reduced to 14.6% in 2009.
However, current estimates suggest 226 new adult infections and 25 new child infections occur each day.
The total number of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) continues to rise due to both new infections and the fact that increased access to anti-retroviral treatment (ART) allows a larger number of HIV-infected people to live longer. Of the PLHIV, it is estimated that in 2010, 357,625 adults and 30,512 children are in need of ART; for the year 2011, these numbers are expected to rise to 383,323 and 30,644, respectively.
HIV prevalence in Zambia is characterized by the following:
Females (16.1%) are more likely to be HIV+ than males (12.3%);
Urban areas are typified by higher HIV prevalence (20%) than rural areas (10%);
Stable unions such as marriage or living together do not provide protection from HIV as these groups have HIV prevalence rates (16% and 15%, respectively) higher than the national average; and
Mobility is positively correlated with HIV prevalence.
In Zambia, 90% of new infections are believed to be driven by the following behavioral, structural, and biomedical epidemic factors:
The ILO Office in Zambia was established in 1968 following an agreement signed between the Government of the Republic of Zambia and the International Labour Office. The Office was active in organizing and supporting ILO assistance to liberation movements of South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. Since the end of the apartheid regime in South Africa and the opening of an ILO Office in Pretoria in 1995, the ILO Office in Lusaka has been responsible for ILO activities in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
A comprehensive set of advisory services, technical cooperation programmes, training and research activities have been initiated in Zambia as a contribution to the operationalization of the ILO Decent Work Agenda across the ILO’s four ILO strategic objectives which are:
Promotion and realisation of standards and fundamental principles and rights at work;
Creation of greater opportunities for women and men to secure decent employment and income;
Enhancement of the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all;
Strengthening of tripartism and social dialogue.
Decent work presents a formidable challenge to Zambia. All these technical programmes and activities are aimed at the realisation and operationalization of the right of every Zambian to decent work. Decent work means productive work in which rights at work are protected, an adequate income is shared, and where there is appropriate social protection, including safe working conditions and a healthy working environment, in particular protection against work-related accidents and diseases.